- Chitradurga- Chitradurga Charms
Chitradurga, situated along the Pune-Bangalore highway, is also known as
Kallina Kote or the stone fortress. Rocky hills and boulders, some of
which are reputed to be the oldest formations in the country,
characterize the landscape of this town, situated along the banks of the
The name Chitradurga itself is said to be derived from Chitrakaldurga, one of the hills here, which is shaped like an umbrella. Chitradurga has references in the Ramayana and Mahabharatha (Hindu epics). Legend goes that the area was once terrorized by a demon named Hidimbasura. The Pandavas happened to come across the place during their period of exile. Hidimbasura entered into a duel with Bhima and was slain in the process, thus ushering in an era of peace. The rock formations here are supposed to be remnants of that fight.
Chitradurga was under the rule of the Nayak Paleyagars, the most prominent of whom was the Madhakari Nayaka. It was due to its strategic location from the military point of view that forts were built here. It was soon annexed by Hyder Ali, who was responsible for building part of the fort.
The fort of seven rounds has stood the test of time and its stately
bastions and battlements stand testimony to the past. Within its walls
are enclosed eighteen temples, 19 gateways, 38 back entrances, a palace,
a mosque, granaries, oil pits, four hidden entrances and water tanks.
The gateways are built in such a way that the roads leading to them are
uphill and the passages twisted and turned; an ancient defense tactic
where it becomes nearly impossible for the enemy to break down the gates
to enter the fort.
The Sampige Siddeshwara, the Hidimbeshwara, the Ekanathamma, the Phalguneshwara and the Gopalakrishan are a few among the temples here. The Harihareshwar was built by the Hoysalas in the year 1223. The interesting feature of the temple image is that its left part represents Lord Shiva and the right part Lord Vishnu. Jogimatti is the highest point of the area and offers a spectacular view from the top. A must see stopover here is the Himavat Kedaya waterfalls.
Chandravalli is a spot of great archeological importance; pottery and coins dating back to the prehistoric times have been found here. The rock inscriptions found here throw light on the social life and culture of the age. The Brahmagiri village is equally famous for it being the capital of emperor Ashoka once upon a time.
- Best Time To Visit
October to February.
- How to Reach
Bangalore airport is the nearest airport; 200 km away.
Daily trains run from Chitradurga to Bangalore.
NH 4 and NH 13 run along Chitradurga.