- Gulbarga- The Exotic Land of Gulbarga
Gulbarga exhibits a delightful synthesis of Hindu as well as Muslim
cultures, as it was occupied successively by Hindu and by Muslim rulers.
For the very reason the place upholds fine examples of Islamic as well
as Hindu architecture. As a result, the town is visited with equal
fervor by both tourists and historians alike. Gulbarga even has remains
of a Buddhist culture.The name Gulbarga has been derived from the
Kannada word - Kaliburgi or the stony land. As the name suggest, the
landscape of Gulbarga is characterized by rock and hillocks. Gulbarga
was the capital of the Brahmani kingdom. Under the Brahmanas, the city
literally blossomed, most of the palaces, mosques and mansions were
built during that time. The origin of the town can be traced back to the
Kakatiya rulers of Warangal. The town was successively captured by
Ulugh Khan of the Tughlaq dynasty, Mohammed Bin Tughlaq and later became
part of the Bahamani kingdom. Aurangzeb captured the kingdom, later
after which it came under the rulers of Hyderabad in the 18th century.
The Gulburga fort, a remnant of the Brahmani age has stood the test of
time and the remnants of its architecture still make it worth your
visit. It was originally built by Raja Gulchand. Later 15 towers were
added by Allah-ud-din Bahmani. There is a mosque inside, the Jama
Masjid, built by a Spanish architect in the model of the Cordoba mosque
of Spain. The Masjid is built in a peculiar style - the roof is composed
of no less than 68 domes. The total area covered by the tomb is simply
enormous and you can find mosques, temples, other buildings, towers etc.
inside. There are a number of guns stationed in the fort, one of which
measures to 25 meters in length.
The town also has other tombs built by the Bahamani rulers- the Haft Gumbaz, the Khwaja Bande Nawaz Dargah. The Dargah is supposed to be one of the holiest of Muslim shrines. The architecture and design of the fort is quite interesting, with the paintings on the walls revealing Turkish and Iranian influences. During the annual urus held here, thousands of devotees gather, which includes Hindus as well. The Dargah also has a well stocked library, which contains nearly 10,000 books in Urdu, Persian and Arabic.
The Sannathi is reputed to be the largest Buddhist site in Karnataka. The Chandralamba temple here has been dedicated to Goddess Durga, but contains evidences of Buddhist culture. The slab relief here depicts the birth of Buddha, the Bodhi tree, footprints etc.
- Best Time To Visit
October to February.
- How to Reach
Hyderabad airport is the nearest airport, 225 km away.
There is a central southern railway station here from which trains run to Bangalore, Mumbai, Delhi and Hyderabad.
There are frequent buses to Bangalore and Hyderabad from here.